FINANCE: Building Value: Step Three of The Seven Step Exit Planning Process
The Inconsequential Owner
In all likelihood, you are absolutely critical to the success of your business. Without you, there is no business. We want to fix that. With a little luck and a lot of hard work, we can help you become an inconsequential owner. Having said that, perhaps a bit of explanation is in order.
All owners understand (at some level anyway) that they will someday leave the businesses they have created. Let's assume for a moment that tomorrow you leave your business permanently. If you are an inconsequential owner, your exit will have no impact on the business, and that's good for business value. Buyers pay for business value, not for the departing owner.
If you constitute a significant part of your company's value (aka, a consequential owner), and you have left the scene, there will likely be few buyers interested in your company, and those who are will likely pay significantly less than they would had you been an inconsequential owner.
Exit planning is the process you can use to transform yourself into an inconsequential owner for your sake, for your family's sake and the sake of your company. While perhaps not the most flattering label, it probably aligns with what your children have been telling you for years.
Put another way, your exit plan should answer this question: "What has to happen in my business by the time I leave it, to: (1) enable me (and my family) to achieve financial security and (2) allow me to move forward with the rest of my life, secure in knowledge that I have been a good steward of the business?"
The details that constitute "what has to happen" are discussed in a large number of newsletter articles, books and White Papers that we can share with you. But for most owners, one of the first and most important things that "has to happen" after figuring out where you are (current business value) and where you want to go (your exit objectives) is to create and sustain business value.
When we talk about value in the context of Exit Planning (Step Three of The Seven Step Exit Planning Process) we divide the discussion into three areas: Building Value, Protecting Value, and Minimizing Income Taxes. Over the next few months, we'll talk in this newsletter about each of these areas in greater detail, but here's a summary of what you can expect.
We will explore several themes. First we ask, "What do you, as the owner, need to do to create a successful company that can operate without you?" Topics include: 1) Develop a market focus; 2) Create a top management team; and 3) Adopt a proper financial focus and corresponding policies. For more information on these topics, you might read Innovation and Entrepreneurship by Peter Drucker.
Second we ask, "What characteristics will buyers pay handsomely for?" We call these characteristics Value Drivers.
We'll talk about protecting value from both internal and external threats. Instead of handling these threats as they occur, we'll talk about the threats and how to avoid them before they happen. Topics will include: protecting propriety information and trade secrets; preventing employees from doing harm to the business when they leave (by taking customers, employees, business relationships, etc.); and anticipating and evaluating outside threats to your company.
Minimizing Income Taxes.
The lifeblood of every business, and therefore its best indicator of value, is cash flow. Our discussion includes how to preserve cash flow and value from income taxation-legally, of course. Income taxes on the sale of your business interest can range from zero to over fifty percent. Future issues of this newsletter will discuss how to avoid excessive and unexpected taxes. Of course, each tax-efficient design and the tools used to implement those designs usually have both disadvantages and advantages. To date, however, we've been unsuccessful in identifying any upside to paying more than necessary to your silent partner, Uncle Sam.